Frequently Asked Questions
As cannabis becomes more widely recognized and utilized as an effective and powerful medicine, the amount of accessible information about it continues to grow. This wealth of information can be overwhelming and finding reliable sources can be difficult. However, having a basic knowledge about cannabis can be a good place to start when choosing a medicine that fits your needs. Here, learn about the different types of cannabis and methods to ingest the medicine. As always, High Mountain Health is here to answer your questions and provide you with the best experience possible.
There are two primary species of medical cannabis, each having their own benefits. Although there are common effects from both strains, choosing a preference is a matter of experiencing the different strains available and making personal judgments.
Cannabis Indica – The Cannabis Indica plant itself is shorter and with wider leaves. Most patients choose to use Indica and Indica Dominant strains to relieve pain, muscle spasms and insomnia. The overall experience when medicating with these strains is typically more relaxing and can have an effect on ones’ emotions as well. Patients commonly report feeling calmer, less stressed and less anxious. Indica strains are most often used before going to bed, as they are typically a wonderful sleep aid. Some of our most popular Indica strains are Super Skunk and Caramel Ice.
Cannabis Sativa – The Cannabis Sativa plant is taller, with long and skinny leaves. When ingesting Sativa strains, patients typically experience a more uplifting and energizing result. Medicating with Sativa strains can alleviate a number of symptoms, including depression and stimulating appetites. While Indica strains often have more of an effect on the body and physical ailments, Sativa strains show promise in providing relief for the psychological aspect of many illnesses. Some of our most popular Sativa strains are Moby Dick and Trinity Blueberry.
Hybrids – Some strains of cannabis have been cross-bred to have the benefits of both Indica and Sativa strains. While the aspects of one type may be more prevalent, patients enjoy these strains for the combined effects of two different strains.
Each of these strains will have effects based on their terpene and cannabinoid profiles. Common terpenes include limonene, linalool and myrcene. Cannabanoids include tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), among many others.
Common Methods of Ingestion
Inhalation: The most common method of ingesting medical cannabis is by smoking the flower itself. This can be accomplished by using a hand-held pipe, water pipe or bubbler. Some patients prefer to use vaporizers, which are designed for ingesting cannabis through a humidification process. Vaporizers eliminate many of the carcinogens and tar associated with smoking.
Edibles: Cannabis can be ingested through edibles as well. Today, edibles come in a vast variety of brownies, candies, granola bars, etc. Learning to make cannabis infused butters and oils open a range of possibilities for those with restricted diets. It should be noted that dosage control is a more difficult with edibles, it is advised to start small and work up to more as tolerance increases.
Sublingual: If you’re looking for dosage control and fast-acting effects, then tinctures may be a good choice for you. Extracting the cannabis with a solvent like alcohol or glycerol produce the tinctures that are most often used.
Topicals: Cannabis can also be absorbed into the body dermatologically with medicated lotions and salves. Patients seeking more clear-headedness and localized pain relief (ie muscle soreness) might choose this as their method as choice.